Php Login Page With Session And Cookies Example

PHP Programming

In this article, I’m going to walk you through an example of creating a login page using PHP, session, and cookies. As a web developer, I find login systems to be an essential part of many web applications. They allow users to authenticate themselves and access personalized information or perform certain actions based on their role or permissions.

Understanding the Basics

A login page is typically the first interaction point between a user and a web application. It asks the user for their credentials, such as a username and password. Once the user submits these details, the server-side code verifies the credentials and grants access if they are correct.

In our PHP login page example, we’ll be using session and cookies to maintain the user’s login state. Sessions are server-side storage mechanisms that allow us to store user-specific data across multiple page requests. Cookies, on the other hand, are small text files stored on the user’s browser that can hold information about the user’s preferences or login status.

Setting Up the Login Page

To get started, let’s create the login page HTML form. We’ll need an HTML form with fields for the username and password. We’ll also add a “Remember Me” checkbox, which will be used to set cookies if the user selects it.

<form method="post" action="login.php">
<label for="username">Username:</label>
<input type="text" id="username" name="username" required><br>

<label for="password">Password:</label>
<input type="password" id="password" name="password" required><br>

<input type="checkbox" id="remember-me" name="remember-me">
<label for="remember-me">Remember Me</label><br>

<input type="submit" value="Login">

Handling the Login Form Submission

Now that we have our login form, let’s create the PHP script that will handle the form submission. We’ll name this file “login.php”. In this script, we’ll check if the submitted username and password match our predefined values. In a real-world scenario, you would typically validate the user’s credentials against a database.

First, we’ll start a session by calling the session_start() function. This function needs to be called on each page that requires access to the session variables.

Next, we’ll retrieve the values submitted in the login form using the $_POST superglobal. We’ll compare these values against our predefined username and password, and if they match, we’ll set a session variable to indicate that the user is logged in.

If the “Remember Me” checkbox is selected, we’ll also set a cookie that will remember the user’s login state even after they close and reopen their browser.

Protecting Pages with Authentication

Once the user is logged in, we can protect certain pages by adding a check for the session variable that indicates whether the user is logged in. If the session variable is not set, we can redirect the user back to the login page or display an error message.


if(isset($_SESSION['logged_in']) && $_SESSION['logged_in'] === true){
// User is logged in, allow access to protected pages
// User is not logged in, redirect to login page or show error message


In this article, we explored how to create a login page using PHP, session, and cookies. We discussed the basics of a login system, set up the login form, handled the form submission, and protected pages with authentication. By understanding these concepts, you can create secure and user-friendly login systems for your web applications.

Remember, security is crucial when implementing a login system. Always validate user input, protect against SQL injection attacks, and hash passwords for storage. Additionally, consider using HTTPS for secure communication between the browser and the server.

If you want to see a live example of a PHP login page with session and cookies, you can check out this demo login page.