How To Make Login Page In Javascript

Web Development Software

I remember the first time I learned how to make a login page in JavaScript. It felt like a huge milestone in my journey as a web developer. Being able to create a secure login page is essential for any website that requires user authentication. In this article, I will guide you through the process of creating a login page in JavaScript, sharing my personal tips and insights along the way.

Getting Started with HTML and CSS

Before we dive into JavaScript, let’s set up the basic structure of our login page using HTML and CSS. Start by creating an HTML file and add the following code:


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Login Page</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
<body>
<h1>Welcome to my Login Page!</h1>
<form id="login-form">
<input type="text" id="username" placeholder="Username">
<input type="password" id="password" placeholder="Password">
<button type="submit">Login</button>
</form>
<script src="script.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

Next, create a CSS file named “style.css” and add the following code:


body {
font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
}

h1 {
text-align: center;
}

form {
max-width: 300px;
margin: 0 auto;
text-align: center;
}

input,
button {
display: block;
width: 100%;
padding: 10px;
margin-bottom: 10px;
}

button {
background-color: #007bff;
color: #fff;
}

Now, let’s move on to the JavaScript part.

Form Validation with JavaScript

In order to create a secure login page, we need to validate the user input. We’ll use JavaScript to achieve this. Create a JavaScript file named “script.js” and add the following code:


const form = document.getElementById('login-form');
const usernameInput = document.getElementById('username');
const passwordInput = document.getElementById('password');

form.addEventListener('submit', (e) => {
e.preventDefault();

const usernameValue = usernameInput.value;
const passwordValue = passwordInput.value;

// Perform validation here

if (isValid(usernameValue, passwordValue)) {
alert('Login successful!');
// Redirect to the dashboard or home page
} else {
alert('Invalid username or password!');
}
});

function isValid(username, password) {
// Implement your validation logic here
return username === 'myUsername' && password === 'myPassword';
}

In this code, we start by selecting the form element and the username and password inputs using their respective IDs. We then add an event listener to the form’s submit event. Inside the event listener, we prevent the default form submission behavior using e.preventDefault().

We then retrieve the values entered by the user in the username and password inputs using their .value properties. Next, we call the isValid function to perform our validation logic. In this example, we’re comparing the username and password values with hardcoded values, but in a real-world application, you would typically compare them with values stored in a database.

If the validation is successful, we display an alert saying “Login successful!” and you can redirect the user to the dashboard or home page. If the validation fails, we display an “Invalid username or password!” alert.

Conclusion

Creating a login page in JavaScript is an important skill for any web developer. By following the steps outlined in this article, you should now have a basic understanding of how to create a secure login page using JavaScript, HTML, and CSS.

Remember to always validate user input on the server-side as well to ensure maximum security. Feel free to experiment and add additional features to your login page to make it unique and personalized!

For more information and detailed examples, check out the official documentation on creating login pages in JavaScript.