How To Make A Login Page In Java With Database

Java Programming

In this article, I will guide you through the process of creating a login page in Java with a database. As a developer, I have personally implemented this functionality in several projects, and I’m excited to share my insights with you.

Introduction to Login Pages

A login page is an essential part of any application that requires user authentication. It provides a secure and personalized experience for users by allowing them to access their accounts with a unique username and password. In order to make a login page in Java, we need to rely on a database to store and validate user credentials.

Creating the Database

The first step in building a login page in Java with a database is to set up the database itself. We can use a relational database management system (RDBMS) like MySQL or PostgreSQL. To keep things simple, let’s assume we are using MySQL.

First, we need to create a new database by running the following SQL command:

CREATE DATABASE myloginpage;

Once the database is created, we can proceed to create a table to store user information. For this example, we will create a table called “users” with the following columns:

  • id – the primary key
  • username – the username entered by the user
  • password – the password entered by the user (stored securely using hashing and salting techniques)

To create the users table, execute the following SQL command:

username VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
password VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL

Setting up the Java Project

Now that we have our database ready, let’s create a new Java project in your favorite Integrated Development Environment (IDE). I personally prefer using IntelliJ IDEA as it provides excellent support for Java development.

Once the project is created, we need to add the MySQL Connector/J library to our project’s dependencies. This library allows us to interact with the MySQL database from our Java code. You can download the Connector/J library from the official MySQL website or add it as a Maven dependency if you are using a build tool like Maven or Gradle.

After adding the library, we can start writing the Java code to implement the login functionality.

Implementing the Login Page

To create the login page in Java, we need to create a User class that represents a user in our system. This class should have fields for the username and password, along with getter and setter methods.

Next, we need to create a UserDao class that handles database operations related to users. This class should have methods to insert a new user into the database, retrieve a user by username, and validate a user’s password.

Here is a basic implementation of the User and UserDao classes:

public class User {
private int id;
private String username;
private String password;

// Getters and setters

public class UserDao {
private Connection connection;

// Constructor and initialization logic

public void insert(User user) {
// Insert user into the database

public User findByUsername(String username) {
// Retrieve user from the database by username

public boolean validatePassword(User user, String password) {
// Validate user's password against the stored password

With the User and UserDao classes in place, we can now create the login page itself. This page should have fields for the username and password input, along with a submit button. When the user submits the form, we need to retrieve the user from the database and validate their password.

Here is a basic HTML form for the login page:

<form action="/login" method="post">
<label for="username">Username:</label>
<input type="text" id="username" name="username"><br>

<label for="password">Password:</label>
<input type="password" id="password" name="password"><br>

<input type="submit" value="Login">

When the user submits the form, we can handle the login request on the server-side by mapping the “/login” URL to a servlet or controller. In this servlet, we can retrieve the submitted username and password, and then use the UserDao to validate the user’s credentials.


Creating a login page in Java with a database involves setting up the database, implementing the necessary Java classes, and creating the login page itself. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can create a secure and reliable login functionality for your Java application. Remember to always handle sensitive user information with care and follow security best practices. Happy coding!

If you want to explore more about login pages and Java web development, be sure to check out the official documentation of Java Servlet API and JavaServer Pages (JSP). These resources provide detailed information and examples to help you enhance your login page and build robust web applications.

Click here to visit a live example of the login page implemented in Java.