Why Swift Is Better Than Objective C

Swift Programming

As a developer who has experience with both Objective-C and Swift, I can confidently say that Swift is a better language compared to Objective-C. In this article, I will go into detail on why Swift has become the preferred choice for iOS and macOS development.

Making Code Readable and Concise

One of the first things that struck me about Swift is its readability and conciseness. The syntax of Swift is much cleaner and more modern than Objective-C. It eliminates the need for those cumbersome square brackets and semicolons, making the code look cleaner and easier to understand.

For example, in Objective-C, to define a simple string variable, you would write:

NSString *myString = @"Hello, World!";

On the other hand, in Swift, the same code can be written as:

var myString = "Hello, World!"

Not only is the Swift code shorter, but it also eliminates the need for explicitly defining the type of the variable. Swift uses type inference to determine the variable’s type automatically, making code writing faster and less error-prone.

Optionals and Type Safety

Objective-C lacks the concept of optionals, which can lead to null pointer exceptions and crashes if not handled carefully. Swift, however, introduces the concept of optionals, which makes it clear when a value might be nil.

With optionals, you are forced to explicitly handle the possibility of a nil value, reducing the chances of unexpected crashes. This helps in writing more robust and reliable code.

Additionally, Swift is a strongly typed language, which means that it enforces type safety. This ensures that you can’t accidentally pass the wrong type of data to a function or assign the wrong type of value to a variable. The compiler will catch these errors at compile-time, saving you from potential bugs and runtime crashes.

Improved Performance

Swift is designed to be a highly performant language. It was built with performance in mind, taking advantage of modern hardware and optimization techniques.

One of the reasons Swift performs better than Objective-C is its use of value types for basic data types like integers, floats, and booleans. Value types are lightweight and stored directly where they are defined. In contrast, Objective-C uses reference types, which require additional memory and overhead.

Swift also introduces a feature called “copy-on-write,” which eliminates unnecessary copies of data. This allows Swift to optimize memory usage and improve performance when working with collections and complex data structures.

Interoperability with Objective-C

Despite all its advantages, Swift recognizes the need for compatibility with existing Objective-C codebases. It can work seamlessly with Objective-C, allowing you to use both languages in the same project. This enables developers to leverage their existing Objective-C code while gradually migrating to Swift.

Swift can access any Objective-C API without any wrappers or bridging code. It also provides a facility called “automatic reference counting” (ARC) to manage memory in mixed-language projects, making it easier to handle memory management without the complexities of manual memory management in Objective-C.


In conclusion, Swift offers a modern and more pleasant development experience compared to Objective-C. Its clean syntax, optionals, type safety, improved performance, and interoperability with Objective-C make it a superior choice for iOS and macOS development.