Why No Enums In Golang

Go Programming

As a developer, I’ve often come across situations where I needed to define a set of related constants in my code. In many programming languages, enums serve as a powerful tool for accomplishing this. However, Go, also known as Golang, surprisingly lacks support for enums. In this article, I’ll delve into the reasons behind this design choice and explore alternative approaches to achieving similar functionality in Go.

Understanding Enums

Enums, short for enumerations, are used to create a set of named constants, typically representing a related group of possible values. They improve code readability, maintainability, and help prevent bugs by restricting variables to only specific values within the defined set.

The Go Perspective

Go is designed with simplicity and efficiency in mind. The absence of enums in Go is a deliberate decision by the language creators. They aimed to keep the language as simple as possible while still providing powerful features. Enums, while useful, can also introduce complexity and reduce flexibility.

Alternative Approaches

Although Go lacks explicit enum types, developers can achieve similar functionality using different approaches. One common method is to define a set of constant values using the const keyword. These constants can then be used in place of enums to represent a fixed set of related values.

Another approach involves using custom types with a set of predefined constants. By creating a new type and defining constants for that type, developers can emulate the behavior of enums in other languages.

Reflections on the Go Way

At first, I found the absence of enums in Go to be a challenge, especially coming from languages that heavily rely on them. However, as I delved deeper into the Go way of doing things, I began to appreciate the simplicity and flexibility it offers. By leveraging the language’s features creatively, I found that I could effectively model the behavior of enums using alternative constructs.


While the absence of enums in Go may initially seem like a limitation, it ultimately reflects the language’s philosophy of simplicity and flexibility. As I continue to work with Go, I’ve come to embrace the alternative approaches for managing sets of constants and appreciate the clean and pragmatic nature of the language.