What Are All The Commands In Command Prompt

Operating Systems

Command Prompt, also known as CMD or Command Line, is a powerful tool for interacting with your computer’s operating system. As a tech enthusiast, I have spent countless hours exploring the various commands and functionalities that Command Prompt offers. In this article, I will take you on a journey through some of the most commonly used commands in Command Prompt, along with my personal insights and commentary.

Getting Started with Command Prompt

Before we dive into the commands, let’s quickly go over how to access Command Prompt on Windows. Simply press the Windows key + R to open the “Run” dialog box, then type cmd and hit Enter. Voila! You are now ready to unleash the power of Command Prompt.

1. dir – Listing Directory Contents

The dir command is used to list the contents of a directory. It provides valuable information such as file names, sizes, and timestamps. One handy trick I’ve learned is to use the /p flag to pause the output one page at a time, especially when dealing with long directory listings.

2. cd – Changing Directories

The cd command allows you to navigate through different directories on your system. For example, cd Documents will take you to the “Documents” folder, while cd .. will move you up one level in the directory structure. This command is a real time-saver when you need to access specific folders quickly.

3. mkdir – Creating Directories

With the mkdir command, you can create new directories. It’s as simple as typing mkdir NewFolder, and Command Prompt will create a new folder named “NewFolder” in the current directory. This command comes in handy when organizing your files or setting up a new project.

4. copy – Copying Files

Need to make a duplicate of a file? The copy command is here to help. Whether you want to copy files within the same directory or between different directories, this command has got you covered. For example, copy File1.txt C:\NewFolder will copy “File1.txt” to the “NewFolder” directory. A simple yet powerful command, don’t you think?

5. del – Deleting Files

When it comes to cleaning up unnecessary files, the del command is your go-to. A word of caution, though: this command permanently deletes files, so make sure you double-check before hitting that enter key. You can use wildcards to delete multiple files at once. For instance, del *.txt will delete all text files in the current directory.

6. ipconfig – Network Configuration

If you ever need to troubleshoot network connectivity issues or simply want to view your IP configuration, the ipconfig command is a must-know. It provides detailed information about your network adapters, IP addresses, subnet masks, and much more. This command has saved me countless times when setting up network connections.


Command Prompt is a powerful tool that allows you to interact with your operating system on a deeper level. In this article, we explored just a handful of the many commands available. From listing directory contents to managing files and configuring networks, the possibilities are endless.

Remember, with great power comes great responsibility. Always exercise caution when using Command Prompt, as some commands have irreversible consequences. However, once you become familiar with the commands and their functionalities, you’ll find yourself accomplishing tasks more efficiently and feeling like a tech wizard.