Should R Project Be A Package

R Programming

As someone who has been using R for data analysis and statistical computing for many years, I have often pondered the question of whether every R project should be developed as a package. This topic has sparked numerous discussions among R users and developers, and it’s a question that doesn’t have a straightforward answer. In this article, I’ll delve into the pros and cons of turning an R project into a package, sharing my personal insights and experiences along the way.

The Case for R Packages

R packages offer a structured and organized way to share code, data, and documentation. By encapsulating your project into a package, you create a standardized format for distribution, making it easier for others to understand and utilize your work. From personal experience, I’ve found that turning R projects into packages has helped me maintain and manage my code more effectively. The package structure enforces good coding practices and provides a clear separation of functionality, making it easier to collaborate with other team members or share the project with the broader R community.

Reproducibility and Dependency Management

One of the key advantages of organizing an R project as a package is the enhanced reproducibility it offers. By specifying package dependencies and versions in the DESCRIPTION file, you create a self-contained environment for your project, ensuring that others can easily reproduce your work without worrying about conflicting dependencies or missing libraries. This level of dependency management has been critical in my own work, as it has reduced the risk of unexpected errors arising from differences in environment setups.

Documentation and Testing

Another compelling reason to consider packaging your R project is the emphasis on documentation and testing. R packages encourage the creation of comprehensive documentation through the use of roxygen2 or other documentation tools. This not only benefits other users who may want to utilize your package, but also serves as a valuable resource for yourself in the future. Additionally, the built-in testing framework provided by R packages, such as testthat, can greatly improve the reliability and robustness of your code, especially when working on larger and more complex projects.

The Trade-Offs and Constraints

While there are clear advantages to developing an R project as a package, there are also trade-offs and constraints that need to be considered. One of the primary concerns is the learning curve associated with package development. For those who are new to creating R packages, the initial process of understanding and adhering to the package structure and best practices can be daunting. Personally, I encountered a steep learning curve when I first transitioned my R projects into packages, but the benefits I reaped in the long run made it well worth the effort.

Project Scope and Overhead

It’s also important to assess the scope and complexity of your project before deciding to package it. For smaller, one-off scripts or analyses, the overhead of creating a package may outweigh the benefits. In my experience, I’ve found that simple scripts or exploratory analyses may not necessarily need to be packaged, as the additional structure and formality can sometimes feel unnecessary. However, as the complexity and scope of the project grow, the benefits of packaging become more apparent.

My Personal Perspective

Reflecting on my own journey with R package development, I’ve come to appreciate the value of packaging projects, even if it initially felt like a daunting task. The benefits of improved organization, reproducibility, and collaboration have been invaluable, particularly as I’ve worked on larger-scale projects and sought to share my work with others in the R community. While I acknowledge that not every R project needs to be a package, I’ve found that the discipline and structure enforced by packaging has elevated the quality and sustainability of my work.


In conclusion, the decision of whether an R project should be developed as a package is not a one-size-fits-all proposition. It’s a decision that should be made based on the nature, scope, and intended use of the project. The benefits of improved organization, reproducibility, and collaboration must be weighed against the learning curve and potential overhead. From my own experience, I’ve found that the discipline and structure enforced by packaging R projects have ultimately been beneficial, despite the initial challenges. As the R ecosystem continues to evolve, the role of packaging in project development is likely to remain a topic of interest and debate.