# Is Range Inclusive Python

Python Programming

When it comes to working with ranges in Python, one important question that often comes up is whether the range is inclusive or not. As an experienced Python developer, I’ve had my fair share of confusion around this topic. In this article, I will dive deep into the details of range inclusivity in Python and provide you with a clear understanding of how it works.

## Understanding the Basics

First, let’s start by understanding what a range is in Python. A range is a built-in function that generates a sequence of numbers within a specified range. It is commonly used in for loops to iterate over a sequence of numbers.

By default, the range function in Python is exclusive, meaning that it includes the starting value but excludes the ending value. For example, if we write `range(1, 5)`, it will generate the sequence [1, 2, 3, 4]. As you can see, the ending value of the range is not included.

## Exploring Inclusivity Options

However, Python provides us with options to make the range inclusive. Let’s explore these options:

### Inclusive range using a custom step

One way to make the range inclusive is by using a custom step. Instead of using the default step of 1, we can specify a step value that will allow us to include the ending value in the range.

For example, if we write `range(1, 6, 1)`, it will generate the sequence [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. By specifying a step of 1, we include the ending value of the range.

### Inclusive range using the addition operator

Another way to make the range inclusive is by using the addition operator. We can add 1 to the ending value of the range to include it in the sequence.

For example, if we write `range(1, 5+1)`, it will generate the sequence [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. By adding 1 to the ending value, we include it in the range.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, the default behavior of the range function in Python is to be exclusive, meaning that it includes the starting value but excludes the ending value. However, we have seen that it is possible to make the range inclusive by using a custom step or by adding 1 to the ending value.

Next time you are working with ranges in Python, remember to consider whether you need an inclusive or exclusive range, and use the appropriate method accordingly. It’s always important to pay attention to these details to ensure your code behaves as expected.