How To Write Script In Qtp For Login Page

How To Articles

I remember the first time I started working with QuickTest Professional (QTP) and had to write a script for a login page. It seemed a bit daunting at first, but once I got the hang of it, it became second nature. In this article, I’ll guide you through the process of writing a script in QTP for a login page, sharing my personal experiences and insights along the way.

Understanding the Login Page

Before diving into scripting, it’s important to have a clear understanding of the login page you’re working with. Take some time to familiarize yourself with the various elements on the page, such as text boxes for username and password, and buttons for login and forgot password. This knowledge will come in handy when writing your script.

Recording the Login Steps

The first step in creating a script is to record the actions you want QTP to perform on the login page. Start by opening QTP and launching the application under test. Once the application is open, click on the “Record” button in QTP to start recording your actions.

Navigate to the login page and enter a sample username and password in the respective text boxes. Then, click on the login button to submit the form. QTP will capture all of these actions and generate a script based on your interactions.

Refining the Script

After the recording is complete, you’ll have a basic script that performs the login action. However, it’s important to refine this script to make it more robust and reliable. One common issue that arises when working with login pages is handling different types of login errors, such as incorrect username or password.

To handle these errors, you can use conditional statements in your script. For example, you can write code to check if an error message appears on the page after a login attempt. If an error message is present, you can handle it accordingly, such as by displaying an error message to the user or taking some other action.

Parameterizing the Script

In some cases, you may need to run the login script with multiple sets of credentials. Rather than hard-coding the username and password in the script, you can parameterize these values. This allows you to run the script with different credentials without modifying the script each time.

To parameterize the script, you can define input parameters in QTP and pass the values to the script at runtime. This makes your script more flexible and reusable, as you can easily test different scenarios without changing the code.

Conclusion

Writing a script in QTP for a login page may seem intimidating at first, but with a little practice and understanding, it becomes a straightforward process. By familiarizing yourself with the login page, recording the necessary steps, refining the script, and parameterizing it for different scenarios, you can create a robust and efficient login script. Happy scripting!