How To Use Powershell

How To Articles

As a technical enthusiast, I have found PowerShell to be an incredibly powerful tool for automating administrative tasks and managing Windows-based systems. In this article, I will guide you through the basics of using PowerShell, sharing some personal insights and tips along the way.

Getting Started with PowerShell

PowerShell is a command-line shell and scripting language that is built on top of the .NET framework. It offers a wide range of capabilities, from simple command execution to complex scripting and automation. To get started with PowerShell, follow these steps:

  1. Open the PowerShell application. You can do this by searching for “PowerShell” in the Windows Start menu.
  2. Once the PowerShell window opens, you can start entering commands.

Note: PowerShell commands are often referred to as cmdlets (pronounced “command-lets”). These cmdlets are small, self-contained scripts that perform specific tasks.

Executing Basic Commands

Let’s start with a simple command. Try entering the following command:


This command will display a list of all currently running processes on your system. You will see the process name, ID, and other related information.

Now, let’s break down the command:

  • Get-: This is the verb that indicates what action we want to perform. In this case, we want to “Get” something.
  • Process: This is the noun that specifies the type of object we want to retrieve. In this case, we want to retrieve information about running processes.

By understanding this structure, you can start exploring other PowerShell commands and their functionalities.

Working with Parameters

PowerShell commands often accept parameters to customize their behavior. Let’s take the previous example and add a parameter:

Get-Process -Name "chrome"

This command will display only the processes with the name “chrome”. By specifying the -Name parameter followed by the desired value, we can filter the results.

PowerShell provides a wide range of parameters for each command, allowing you to fine-tune your actions and retrieve specific information.

PowerShell Scripting

One of the most powerful features of PowerShell is its ability to write scripts. Scripts are saved sequences of PowerShell commands that can be executed at any time. This allows for automation of complex tasks and repetitive processes.

To create a PowerShell script, follow these steps:

  1. Open a text editor or PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment (ISE).
  2. Write your PowerShell commands in the text editor.
  3. Save the file with a .ps1 extension.

For example, you can create a script to automate the process of checking for available Windows updates:

$updates = Get-WUInstall -MicrosoftUpdate -NotCategory "Drivers" -NotTitle "Windows Defender"
if ($updates.Count -gt 0) {
Write-Output "Updates available:"
$updates | Format-Table -AutoSize
} else {
Write-Output "No updates available."

This script retrieves available Windows updates, excluding drivers and Windows Defender updates. It then checks if any updates are available and displays the list of updates if there are any.


In this article, I have provided an introduction to PowerShell and demonstrated some basic usage scenarios. PowerShell is an incredibly versatile tool that can greatly enhance your productivity as a system administrator or power user. By mastering PowerShell, you can automate repetitive tasks, manage systems more efficiently, and unlock a whole new level of control over your Windows-based environment.