How To Type Props React Typescript

Typescript Programming

As a programmer working with React and TypeScript, I understand the importance of typing props correctly in order to ensure the reliability and maintainability of my code. In this article, I will guide you through the process of typing props in React using TypeScript, providing detailed explanations and examples along the way.

Understanding Props in React

Before diving into typing props with TypeScript, let’s first understand what props are in React. Props, short for properties, are used to pass data from a parent component to a child component. They are essentially immutable and help in establishing communication between different components of a React application.

Installing TypeScript

If you haven’t already, the first step is to install TypeScript in your React project. You can do this by running the following command in your project’s root directory:

npm install --save-dev typescript

Typing Props in React Components

Now that we have TypeScript installed, let’s start typing the props in our React component. The basic syntax for typing props in a functional component is as follows:

import React from 'react';

type MyComponentProps = {
  name: string;
  age: number;

const MyComponent: React.FC = ({ name, age }) => {
  // Component logic goes here
  return (

Name: {name}

Age: {age}

); }; export default MyComponent;

In the above example, we define a type called MyComponentProps which represents the props that our component expects. It includes two properties: name of type string and age of type number. We then use this type to annotate our component function using the React.FC generic type.

By typing our props, we achieve several benefits:

  • Improved code readability: Type annotations make it clear what kind of data is expected in the props of a component.
  • Early detection of errors: TypeScript will catch any mismatched prop types, helping to avoid bugs and runtime errors.
  • Better IDE support: TypeScript enables IDEs to provide useful suggestions and autocompletion when working with props.

Optional and Default Props

Sometimes, you may have props that are optional or have default values. TypeScript provides a way to handle such scenarios by using the ? operator for optional props and the = operator for default props. Let’s take a look at an example:

type MyComponentProps = {
  name: string;
  age?: number;
  greeting: string;
  favoriteColor?: string;

const MyComponent: React.FC = ({ name, age = 0, greeting, favoriteColor = 'blue' }) => {
  // Component logic goes here
  return (

{greeting}, {name}!

{age &&

Age: {age}

} {favoriteColor &&

Favorite Color: {favoriteColor}

); };

In this example, the age prop is marked as optional using the ? operator. It defaults to the value of 0 if not provided. The favoriteColor prop also has a default value of ‘blue’ if not specified.


In conclusion, typing props in React using TypeScript is a valuable practice that enhances the reliability and maintainability of your code. By providing type annotations for your props, you can improve code readability, catch errors early, and enjoy better IDE support. Remember to mark optional props with the ? operator and provide default values using the = operator when necessary. Now that you have a good understanding of typing props in React with TypeScript, go ahead and start applying this knowledge in your own projects!