How To Test Login Page Using Protractor

How To Articles

When it comes to testing a login page using Protractor, there are several steps involved. As someone who has had experience with this process, I can attest to the importance of thorough testing to ensure a secure and user-friendly login experience. In this article, I will guide you through the steps involved in testing a login page using Protractor while also sharing some personal insights and commentary along the way.

Setting Up the Testing Environment

Before we dive into the actual testing, it is crucial to set up the testing environment. Protractor is a widely-used end-to-end testing framework for AngularJS applications. To begin, make sure you have Node.js installed on your machine and then install Protractor globally using the npm package manager by running the following command:

npm install -g protractor

Next, we need to download the necessary webdriver manager. Protractor relies on Selenium WebDriver to interact with the browser. To install the webdriver manager, use the following command:

webdriver-manager update

This will download the necessary binaries and set up the WebDriver for testing.

Writing the Login Page Test

Now that we have our environment set up, it’s time to write the test for the login page. In Protractor, tests are written using JavaScript and are organized into test suites and test cases.

First, create a new test file, let’s say login.spec.js, and begin by importing the necessary modules:

const { browser, element, by } = require('protractor');

Next, we need to define our test suite:

describe('Login Page', () => {
  it('should display the login form', () => {

Within the test case, we can start writing our test steps. For example, to test if the login form is displayed, we can use the following code:


This code navigates to the login page and verifies that the login form is displayed by checking if an element with the id ‘login-form’ is visible.

Similarly, you can write test cases to verify other aspects of the login page, such as checking if the username and password fields are present, if the submit button is enabled, or if error messages are displayed correctly.

Running the Test

Once you have written the test, it’s time to run it. Open a terminal and navigate to the directory where your test file is located. Then, execute the following command:

protractor login.spec.js

This will start the Protractor test runner, which will launch a browser and execute the test against the login page.


Testing a login page using Protractor is an essential part of ensuring a seamless and secure user experience. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can effectively test the login functionality of your application. Remember to thoroughly test various scenarios and edge cases to catch any potential issues. Happy testing!