How To Run A Typescript File

How To Articles

Running a TypeScript file is an essential part of the development process for anyone working with TypeScript. As a developer, I have found that understanding the different ways to run a TypeScript file can greatly improve productivity. Let’s dive into the details of running a TypeScript file and explore the various options available.

Using the TypeScript Compiler (tsc)

One of the most common ways to run a TypeScript file is by using the TypeScript compiler, tsc. This command-line tool takes TypeScript code and compiles it into JavaScript. To use this method, I navigate to the directory containing the TypeScript file in my terminal and run the command tsc filename.ts. This generates a JavaScript file that I can then run using Node.js or any other JavaScript runtime environment.

Using ts-node

Another approach that I often use is leveraging ts-node. This package allows me to directly run TypeScript files without the need to manually compile them to JavaScript. I find this particularly convenient for quick tests or when working with small scripts. To use ts-node, I install it globally using npm install -g ts-node and then run ts-node filename.ts in my terminal.

Integrating with a Build Tool

For larger projects, I prefer integrating the compilation and running of TypeScript files with a build tool such as Webpack or Gulp. This gives me more control over the build process and allows for additional optimizations. With this setup, I configure the build tool to compile and run the TypeScript files as part of the overall build process, providing a seamless experience while developing and deploying my application.

Using an Integrated Development Environment (IDE)

Many modern IDEs come with built-in support for TypeScript, making it easy to run TypeScript files directly from the IDE. I personally use Visual Studio Code, and it offers excellent TypeScript integration. With the click of a button or a keyboard shortcut, I can run the current TypeScript file and see the output within the integrated terminal.

Experimenting with Different Approaches

With the variety of options available, I encourage you to experiment and find the approach that best fits your workflow. Whether it’s using the TypeScript compiler, ts-node, a build tool, or an IDE, each method has its own advantages, and being familiar with multiple approaches can be valuable in different scenarios.


Running a TypeScript file doesn’t have to be a daunting task. With the right tools and a good understanding of the available methods, it becomes a seamless part of the development process. Whether it’s the simplicity of ts-node for quick tests or the power of integrating with a build tool for larger projects, the ability to run TypeScript files efficiently is a valuable skill for any TypeScript developer.