How To Revert A Merge In Git

So you’ve found yourself in a situation where you need to revert a merge in Git. Don’t worry, it happens to the best of us. Let me guide you through the process of reverting a merge, and share some personal insights that have helped me navigate this tricky situation in the past.

Understanding the Problem

First things first, let’s understand why we might need to revert a merge. Sometimes, after merging a feature branch into the main branch, you realize that the changes introduced by the merge have caused unforeseen issues. These issues could be related to functionality, compatibility, or even conflicts with other changes in the codebase.

My Experience

I remember a time when I merged a feature branch into the main branch, only to discover that it caused a critical bug in the production environment. It was a stressful situation, but understanding how to revert the merge saved the day.

Reverting a Merge Commit

When it comes to reverting a merge in Git, we have to be careful and follow the right steps to avoid causing further issues. The key is to create a new commit that undoes all the changes made by the merge commit.

Here’s the basic workflow for reverting a merge commit:

  1. Identify the merge commit that needs to be reverted using git log.
  2. Create a new branch for the reversion changes using git checkout -b revert-my-merge.
  3. Revert the merge commit by running git revert -m 1 <merge_commit_hash>.
  4. Review the changes, resolve any merge conflicts if necessary, and commit the reversion changes.
  5. Push the new branch and create a pull request for the reversion changes.

My Tips

When I’m reverting a merge, I always double-check the changes introduced by the reversion commit before pushing it to the main repository. It’s important to ensure that the reversion does not cause any unintended side effects or conflicts with other parts of the codebase.

Dealing with Pushed Changes

If the branch with the reverted changes has already been pushed to the remote repository, it’s crucial to communicate effectively with the team. Let them know about the reversion and any necessary steps they might need to take on their end.

One helpful advice I can offer is to maintain open communication with your team throughout the process. Collaboration and transparency can make a world of difference in effectively managing and resolving issues related to code changes.


Reverting a merge in Git can be a challenging task, but with the right approach and attention to detail, it’s definitely manageable. Remember to stay calm, communicate with your team, and follow the outlined steps for a successful reversion. Learning from these experiences has certainly made me a better developer, and I hope this article has provided valuable insights for your own journey with Git.