How To Rescur R Studio State From The Past

How To Articles

Have you ever been working on a project in R Studio and accidentally closed the program without saving your work? It can be incredibly frustrating to lose all of your progress and have to start over from scratch. But fear not, there is a way to rescue your R Studio state from the past and recover your work. In this article, I will guide you through the process of rescuing your R Studio state and share some personal tips and insights along the way.

Understanding the R Studio State

Before we dive into the rescue process, let’s first understand what the R Studio state is. When you are working in R Studio, the state refers to the set of all your current variables, functions, and data frames. It’s like a snapshot of your workspace at any given moment. By default, R Studio saves this state when you close the program, allowing you to resume your work where you left off when you reopen it.

Rescuing the R Studio State

When you accidentally close R Studio without saving your work, the first step is to reopen the program. Once it’s open, go to the “Tools” menu and select “Global Options”. In the options window, navigate to the “General” tab and check the box that says “Restore .RData into workspace at startup”. This ensures that R Studio will attempt to load your previous state when it starts.

After enabling the restore option, close R Studio again and reopen it. You should see a prompt asking if you want to load the saved workspace. Click “Yes” to proceed. R Studio will then load your previous state, including all variables, functions, and data frames.

Personal Tips and Insights

While the restore option is a lifesaver, it’s worth noting that it may not always work perfectly. Sometimes, the previous state may not load correctly, or some variables may be missing. In such cases, you can try the following steps:

  1. Check the “sessions” folder: R Studio saves your previous state in a file called “.RData” in the “sessions” folder. If the file is still there, you can manually load it by going to the “File” menu, selecting “Open Session…”, and choosing the “.RData” file.
  2. Update R Studio: Occasionally, issues with restoring the state may be due to bugs or compatibility problems. Make sure you have the latest version of R Studio and try again.
  3. Backup your work: To avoid losing your progress in the future, it’s always a good idea to regularly save your work using the built-in save functions in R. You can use save.image() to save the entire workspace or save() to save specific objects.


Accidentally closing R Studio without saving your work can be a frustrating experience. However, with the restore option and a few additional steps, you can rescue your R Studio state from the past and recover your progress. Remember to enable the restore option in the global options, check the sessions folder, update R Studio if needed, and regularly save your work to avoid future mishaps. Happy coding!