How To Make Your Css Responsive

How To Articles

As a web developer, one of the most important aspects of creating a website is making it responsive. A responsive website is one that adapts and adjusts its layout and design based on the screen size and device being used. This ensures that all content is easily accessible and readable, regardless of whether it’s being viewed on a desktop computer, a tablet, or a smartphone.

When it comes to making your CSS responsive, there are several techniques and best practices that you can follow. In this article, I’ll share some of my personal insights and experiences on how to achieve a responsive design.

1. Use Media Queries

Media queries are a powerful feature in CSS that allows you to apply different styles based on the characteristics of the device or screen being used. By using media queries, you can define specific CSS rules that will only be applied when certain conditions are met.

For example, you can define a media query to target screens with a maximum width of 768 pixels, and apply specific styles to make the layout more suitable for smaller screens. This can include adjusting the font sizes, changing the layout from a multi-column to a single-column design, or hiding certain elements that may not be necessary on a smaller screen.

Here’s an example of how you can use a media query to target smaller screens:

@media screen and (max-width: 768px) {
/* CSS rules for smaller screens */

2. Fluid Layouts with Percentage Widths

Another important aspect of creating a responsive design is to use fluid layouts with percentage widths. Instead of specifying fixed pixel values for widths, you can use percentages to ensure that elements adjust proportionally based on the available space.

For example, instead of setting a container element to have a fixed width of 960 pixels, you can set it to have a width of 100%. This allows the container to expand or shrink based on the screen size, ensuring that it always takes up the full width of the viewport.

By using percentage widths, you can create a more flexible and adaptive layout that can easily accommodate different screen sizes.

3. Mobile-First Approach

A mobile-first approach is a design philosophy that emphasizes designing for smaller screens first, and then progressively enhancing the design for larger screens. This approach ensures that the core content and functionality of the website is accessible and user-friendly on mobile devices, and then additional enhancements can be added for larger screens.

By starting with a mobile-first approach, you can prioritize the most important content and optimize the user experience for mobile users. This can include simplifying the layout, using larger font sizes, and optimizing touch targets for better usability on touchscreens.

Once the mobile layout is finalized, you can then use media queries to add additional styles and enhancements for larger screens, such as multi-column layouts or more complex navigation menus.


Creating a responsive design is crucial in today’s digital landscape, where users access websites from a wide range of devices and screen sizes. By following these techniques and best practices, you can ensure that your CSS is responsive and provides a great user experience across all devices.