How To Make Excel Read Only

Productivity Software

Hey there fellow spreadsheet enthusiasts! Today, I want to talk about how to make your Excel documents read-only. Whether you’re sharing a report with colleagues or distributing a template to your team, setting a file as read-only can help prevent accidental changes and maintain the integrity of your data. Let’s dive into the details and explore how to accomplish this in a few different ways.

Using Excel’s Properties

One way to make an Excel file read-only is by using the properties function. First, open the file in Excel. Then, go to the “File” tab, select “Info,” and click on “Protect Workbook.” From there, you can choose “Mark as Final,” which will make the document read-only. This is a quick and easy method, but keep in mind that it’s not the most secure option, as users can still choose to edit the file after receiving a warning.

Setting File Permissions

For a more robust approach to creating read-only Excel files, you can utilize file permissions. To do this, save your Excel document and then right-click on the file in File Explorer. Select “Properties,” navigate to the “Security” tab, and click on “Edit.” Here, you can choose specific user groups or individual users and assign them the “Read & Execute” permission. This ensures that the file can only be opened in read-only mode for those users.

Utilizing Password Protection

Want to add an extra layer of security to your read-only Excel file? Consider using password protection. By applying a password to your document, you can control who has the ability to make changes. To do this, go to the “File” tab, select “Save As,” and click on “More Options.” Then, under “Tools,” choose “General Options” to set a password for opening and/or modifying the file as needed.


In conclusion, making an Excel file read-only is a great way to safeguard your data and ensure that important information remains intact. Whether you opt for the simplicity of marking a document as final or take a more secure approach with file permissions and password protection, there are several methods available to suit your needs. By implementing these techniques, you can share your Excel files with confidence, knowing that they’re protected from unintended changes.