How To Make Css Only Apply To Some Classes

CSS Programming

When working with CSS, it’s often necessary to apply styles selectively to specific classes. This can be achieved through various methods, allowing for a more targeted and efficient approach to styling. Let’s delve into the details of how to make CSS apply only to some classes.

Understanding CSS Selectors

CSS selectors are the core of targeting specific elements on a web page. Using selectors, we can apply styles to elements based on their class, ID, or other attributes. One widely used selector is the class selector, denoted by a period followed by the class name. For example, to target a class named “example”, the selector would be “.example”.

Using Specificity in CSS

Specificity is the concept of determining which CSS rule takes precedence when multiple rules could apply to the same element. By understanding specificity, we can control which classes our styles apply to more effectively. CSS applies the styles with the highest specificity to the targeted class.

Utilizing Attribute Selectors

Another method to target specific classes is using attribute selectors. This allows us to apply styles based on the presence or value of attributes within the HTML elements. For example, the selector “[class=’example’]” targets elements with the exact class name “example”.

Applying Styles to Specific Classes

To apply styles exclusively to certain classes, we can combine selectors to create more specific rules. For instance, if we want to target elements with both class “example” and “highlighted”, we can use the combined selector “.example.highlighted”. This will only apply the styles to elements that have both classes present.

Using Descendant Selectors

Descendant selectors allow us to target elements that are descendants of a specific element. This means we can apply styles to elements with a particular class only when they are nested within another element. For example, “.parent-class .child-class” targets elements with “child-class” that are descendants of “parent-class”.


Mastering the art of making CSS apply only to specific classes empowers us to fine-tune our styles and create more tailored designs. By understanding CSS selectors, specificity, and utilizing combination and descendant selectors, we can take full control over how our styles are applied. This level of control is essential for crafting clean, maintainable, and organized CSS for a seamless web development experience.