How To Make A Stateless Login Page React

How To Articles

In this article, I will guide you through the process of creating a stateless login page in React. As a web developer, I have found that implementing stateless login functionality can greatly enhance the security and performance of a web application.

The Importance of Stateless Login

Before we dive into the technical details, let’s briefly discuss why stateless login is important. Traditional login systems rely on server-side sessions to store user information and authenticate requests. While this approach works, it introduces additional complexity and can negatively impact scalability and performance.

A stateless login system, on the other hand, eliminates the need for server-side sessions by generating and validating JSON Web Tokens (JWTs) on the client side. This not only simplifies the authentication process but also allows for easy integration with other services and improves overall security.

Setting Up the Project

To get started, make sure you have Node.js and npm installed on your machine. Create a new React project using npx create-react-app stateless-login. Once the project is created, navigate to the project directory with cd stateless-login.

Installing Dependencies

In order to implement the stateless login functionality, we’ll need to install a few additional dependencies. Open a terminal window and run the following command:

npm install axios react-router-dom jwt-decode

We’ll be using Axios for making HTTP requests, React Router for handling navigation, and jwt-decode for decoding JWTs.

Creating the Login Component

Now that we have the project set up and dependencies installed, let’s create the login component. Inside the src folder, create a new file called Login.js. Open the file and add the following code:

// Import necessary dependencies
import React, { useState } from 'react';
import axios from 'axios';
import jwt_decode from 'jwt-decode';

const Login = () => {
// Declare state variables
const [email, setEmail] = useState('');
const [password, setPassword] = useState('');
const [error, setError] = useState('');

// Handle form submission
const handleSubmit = async (e) => {

try {
// Make a POST request to the login API
const response = await'/api/login', { email, password });

// Decode the JWT token from the response
const token =;
const decodedToken = jwt_decode(token);

// Do something with the token, e.g. store it in localStorage

// Redirect to the dashboard page
window.location.href = '/dashboard';
} catch (error) {
// Handle login error
setError('Invalid credentials');

return (


{error &&






export default Login;

This code defines a functional component called Login. It uses React hooks to manage the state of the email, password, and error message. The handleSubmit function is responsible for handling the form submission and making the login API request using Axios. If the login is successful, it decodes the JWT token and performs any necessary actions, such as storing the token in localStorage. If there is an error, it updates the error state and displays an error message.

Routing and Navigation

To navigate to the login page and handle routing, we’ll need to modify the App.js file. Open the file and replace the existing code with the following:

// Import necessary dependencies
import React from 'react';
import { BrowserRouter as Router, Switch, Route, Link } from 'react-router-dom';
import Login from './Login';

const App = () => {
return (


export default App;

This code sets up routing using React Router. The App component renders a navigation bar with links to the home page and the login page. The Switch component ensures that only one route is rendered at a time. The Route component specifies the path and component to render when the URL matches.


In this article, we have discussed the importance of implementing a stateless login system in React. We have covered the process of setting up a new React project, installing the necessary dependencies, and creating a login component that handles form submission and API requests.

By following these steps, you can create a secure and efficient stateless login page in your React applications. Remember to always validate and sanitize user input on the server-side to prevent common security vulnerabilities.

For a live example of a stateless login page built with React, you can check out the demo page.

Happy coding!