How To Install Caffe And Pycaffe In Python

Python Programming

Installing Caffe and PyCaffe in Python can be a bit challenging, but with some patience and careful following of the instructions, you’ll be able to get it up and running smoothly. In this article, I’ll guide you through the installation process step by step and provide some personal insights along the way.

What is Caffe?

Caffe is a deep learning framework that is widely used for its efficiency and speed. It is written in C++ and has a Python interface called PyCaffe, which allows us to use Caffe with ease in our Python projects. Whether you’re just starting out with deep learning or have been working with it for a while, Caffe can be a powerful tool in your arsenal.

Step 1: Install Dependencies

Before we start, make sure you have all the necessary dependencies installed on your system. These include Python, NumPy, CUDA (if you have an NVIDIA GPU), and OpenCV. You can check the official Caffe documentation for the specific versions and installation instructions for each dependency.

Step 2: Clone the Caffe Repository

Now that we have all the dependencies set up, let’s clone the Caffe repository from GitHub. Open your terminal and navigate to the directory where you want to clone the repository. Then, run the following command:

git clone

This will create a new directory named “caffe” with all the necessary files for building Caffe.

Step 3: Build Caffe

Building Caffe can take some time, so make sure you have enough patience and resources available. Navigate to the “caffe” directory and run the following commands:

cd caffe
cp Makefile.config.example Makefile.config
make all

The first command changes your current directory to the “caffe” directory. The second command creates a copy of the configuration file with the name “Makefile.config”. The third command starts the compilation process.

Step 4: Install PyCaffe

Once the compilation process is complete, we can now install PyCaffe. Run the following command:

make pycaffe

This command will build and install the PyCaffe Python package.

Step 5: Set Environment Variables

In order to use PyCaffe, we need to set some environment variables. Open your terminal and run the following commands:

export PYTHONPATH=/path/to/caffe/python:$PYTHONPATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/path/to/caffe/build/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

Replace “/path/to/caffe” with the actual path to your Caffe installation directory.

Step 6: Test PyCaffe

Now that everything is set up, we can test PyCaffe to make sure it’s working correctly. Open a Python interpreter in your terminal and run the following code:

import caffe

If PyCaffe is installed successfully, you should see the version number of Caffe printed on the console.


Installing Caffe and PyCaffe in Python may require some effort, but it’s definitely worth it for the power and flexibility they offer in deep learning projects. By following the steps outlined in this article, you should now have Caffe and PyCaffe up and running on your system. Don’t be discouraged if you encounter any issues along the way – troubleshooting is an essential part of the learning process. Happy deep learning!