How To Get First Day Of Month Sql

SQL Programming

Hey there! Today I want to talk about a common task in SQL: getting the first day of the month. I’ve come across this requirement multiple times in my own projects, so I thought I’d share some insights on how to achieve this.

To get the first day of the month in SQL, we can use a combination of SQL functions and date manipulation. There are a few different approaches we can take, depending on the database system we’re using.

Approach 1: Using the DATEADD() Function

If you’re working with Microsoft SQL Server, you can use the DATEADD() function to add or subtract a specific part of a date. In this case, we want to subtract the day of the month minus 1 from the original date.


SELECT DATEADD(DAY, -DAY(GETDATE()) + 1, GETDATE()) AS FirstDayOfMonth;

This query retrieves the current date using the GETDATE() function, subtracts the day of the month minus 1, and returns the result as the first day of the month.

Approach 2: Using the DATE_TRUNC() Function

If you’re working with PostgreSQL, you can use the DATE_TRUNC() function to truncate a date to a specific precision. In this case, we want to truncate the date to the ‘MONTH’ precision.


SELECT DATE_TRUNC('MONTH', CURRENT_DATE) AS FirstDayOfMonth;

This query retrieves the current date using the CURRENT_DATE function, truncates it to the ‘MONTH’ precision, and returns the result as the first day of the month.

Approach 3: Using the EXTRACT() Function

For databases that support the EXTRACT() function, such as MySQL or Oracle, we can use it to extract the year and month from the original date and then concatenate them with the day set to 01.


SELECT CONCAT(EXTRACT(YEAR FROM CURDATE()), '-', EXTRACT(MONTH FROM CURDATE()), '-01') AS FirstDayOfMonth;

This query extracts the year and month from the current date using the EXTRACT() function, concatenates them with a hyphen and ’01’, and returns the result as the first day of the month.

Conclusion

Getting the first day of the month in SQL may seem like a simple task, but it can be approached in different ways depending on the database system you’re using. By leveraging built-in functions and date manipulation techniques, we can easily retrieve the desired result.

Remember, these examples are specific to certain database systems, so make sure to adapt them to your own environment. Happy coding!