How To Do Vlookup In Excel With Two Spreadsheets

How To Articles


When it comes to working with Excel, one of the most powerful functions is VLOOKUP. In this article, I’ll guide you through the process of performing a VLOOKUP between two spreadsheets. I’ve found that mastering VLOOKUP can save a lot of time and effort when working with large sets of data, so let’s dive in and explore this useful feature.

Getting Started with VLOOKUP

First, let’s make sure that both spreadsheets are open and that you have identified the key column that you want to use for the lookup. For example, if you’re looking up information from the second spreadsheet and want to match it with the first spreadsheet, identify the common column in which to perform the lookup. This could be a unique identifier such as an employee ID, product code, or customer name.

Step 1: Understanding the VLOOKUP Function

The VLOOKUP function searches for a value in the first column of a table and returns a value in the same row from another column. The basic syntax for the function is as follows:

=VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, [range_lookup])

Step 2: Writing the VLOOKUP Formula

In the cell where you want the result to appear, start by typing =VLOOKUP( and then select or type the cell reference of the value you want to look up. This is the lookup value. Next, type a comma and then select or type the range of cells that contains the table you want to search. This is the table array. Then, type a comma and specify the column number in the table from which the matching value should be returned. Finally, type a comma and indicate whether you want an exact match (FALSE) or an approximate match (TRUE).

Step 3: Dealing with Common Issues

If the data in the second spreadsheet doesn’t exactly match the data in the first spreadsheet, you may encounter errors such as #N/A. This could be due to trailing spaces, different formatting, or small variations in the data. It’s important to clean and format the data properly to ensure accurate results.

Step 4: Testing and Refining the VLOOKUP

Once you’ve written the VLOOKUP formula, it’s time to test it out. Check the first few results to make sure they are accurate. If needed, go back and refine the formula to ensure it is capturing the correct data from the second spreadsheet.

Step 5: Dragging the Formula

If you have a large dataset, you can simply drag the formula down to apply the VLOOKUP to the entire column. Excel will automatically adjust the cell references so that the formula applies to each row of data.


Mastering VLOOKUP in Excel is a valuable skill that can greatly enhance your data analysis and reporting capabilities. By understanding and practicing the steps outlined in this guide, you can confidently perform a VLOOKUP between two spreadsheets and leverage the power of this function to efficiently manage and analyze your data.