How To Create A Login Page In Python

Python Programming

Creating a login page in Python can be a great way to add user authentication to your web application. In this article, I will guide you through the process of creating a login page using Python, with personal touches and commentary from my own experience.

Getting Started

Before we dive into the code, let’s quickly discuss the importance of user authentication. A login page allows users to securely access their accounts by verifying their credentials. This is crucial for protecting sensitive information and ensuring that only authorized users can access certain features or data.

To create a login page in Python, we will be using a web framework called Flask. Flask is a lightweight and flexible framework that allows us to easily build web applications. If you haven’t installed Flask yet, you can do so by running the following command:

pip install flask

Once Flask is installed, we can start building our login page.

Setting Up the Login Page

To begin, let’s create a new Python file for our login page. You can name it whatever you like, but for this example, let’s call it Open the file in your favorite text editor or IDE.

First, we need to import the necessary modules. Add the following lines of code at the top of your file:

from flask import Flask, render_template, request, redirect, url_for

Next, we will create an instance of the Flask class:

app = Flask(__name__)

Now that we have our Flask app set up, let’s define the routes for our login page. In Flask, routes are used to map URLs to Python functions. Add the following code below your app instance:

def login():
return render_template('login.html')

Here, we’re defining the root route (“/”) and associating it with the login() function. The render_template() function will render the HTML template for our login page.

Creating the HTML Template

Now it’s time to create the HTML template for our login page. Create a new file in the same directory as your Python file and name it login.html.

In the HTML template, we can add the necessary form elements for our login page. Here’s an example of what the template could look like:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>Login Page</title>
<h1>Login Page</h1>
<form action="{{ url_for('login') }}" method="POST">
<label for="username">Username:</label>
<input type="text" id="username" name="username" required><br>
<label for="password">Password:</label>
<input type="password" id="password" name="password" required><br>
<input type="submit" value="Login">

Here, we have a simple login form with fields for the username and password. The action attribute of the form specifies the route (“/”) to which the form data will be submitted. We’ll handle the form submission in the login() function.

Handling the Form Submission

Now that we have our login page set up, let’s handle the form submission. Update your login() function with the following code:

@app.route('/', methods=['GET', 'POST'])
def login():
if request.method == 'POST':
username = request.form['username']
password = request.form['password']

# Authenticate user here

return redirect(url_for('dashboard'))

return render_template('login.html')

In this code, we’re checking if the method used to access the route is a POST request (i.e., the login form was submitted). If it is, we retrieve the username and password entered by the user using the request.form object. At this point, you can add your own logic to authenticate the user, such as checking against a database of user credentials. If the authentication is successful, we redirect the user to the dashboard page using the redirect() function.


And that’s it! You’ve successfully created a login page in Python using Flask. User authentication is an essential part of many web applications, and this login page will help you securely handle user access.

Remember, it’s important to implement proper security measures when handling user authentication, such as hashing passwords and protecting against common vulnerabilities like SQL injection or Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks.

Now that you have the foundation laid out, feel free to expand on this login page by adding features like user registration, password recovery, or account settings. Happy coding!