How To Create A Jsp Login Page

How To Articles

Hey there! Today I want to share with you my experience and knowledge on how to create a JSP login page. As a web developer, I’ve come across the need to implement user authentication in many projects, and JSP has always been a reliable choice. So, let’s dive into the world of JSP login pages!

Setting Up the Basics

Before we begin, make sure you have a basic understanding of HTML, CSS, and Java. JSP (JavaServer Pages) is a technology that allows you to mix Java code and HTML to create dynamic web pages. It’s a powerful tool for building interactive web applications.

To start, create a new JSP file with a .jsp extension. You can name it anything you like, such as “login.jsp”. In this file, we’ll create the structure of our login page.

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>Login Page</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">
<h2>Welcome to My Login Page!</h2>
<form action="login" method="post">
<label for="username">Username:</label>
<input type="text" id="username" name="username">
<label for="password">Password:</label>
<input type="password" id="password" name="password">
<input type="submit" value="Login">

Let’s break down the code snippet:

  • The <%@ page %> directive sets the language and encoding for our JSP file.
  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration specifies the HTML version.
  • The <head> section contains the title and CSS link.
  • The <body> section is where we’ll create our login form using HTML.
  • The form’s action attribute specifies where the form data will be sent when submitted. In this case, it’s “login.jsp”.
  • The form’s method attribute specifies the HTTP method to use when submitting the form. Here, we’ll use post.
  • The form contains two input fields for the username and password, along with a submit button.

Feel free to customize the HTML structure, CSS styles, and form fields to match your specific requirements and design preferences.

Handling the Login Process

Now that we have our login form, we need to handle the user authentication process. In a real-world scenario, you would typically validate the username and password against a database or some other authentication mechanism. For simplicity’s sake, let’s assume a hardcoded username and password for now.

Create another JSP file called “login.jsp” (the same name as the action attribute in the form), and add the following code:

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>Login Result</title>
<%-- Get the form data --%>
<% String username = request.getParameter("username"); %>
<% String password = request.getParameter("password"); %>

<%-- Hardcoded username and password --%>
<% String validUsername = "admin"; %>
<% String validPassword = "password"; %>

<%-- Compare the form data with the hardcoded values --%>
<% if (username.equals(validUsername) && password.equals(validPassword)) { %>
<p>Login successful! Welcome, <%= username %>!</p>
<% } else { %>
<p>Invalid username or password. Please try again.</p>
<% } %>

This code snippet does the following:

  • We retrieve the form data (username and password) using the request.getParameter() method.
  • We specify the hardcoded valid username and password for comparison.
  • We compare the form data with the hardcoded values using an if-else statement.
  • If the login is successful, we display a welcome message with the username. Otherwise, we show an error message.

You can extend this logic to include database access, encryption, and any other security measures you require for your login page.


Congratulations! You’ve learned how to create a JSP login page from scratch. We covered the basics of setting up the page structure, handling form submission, and validating user credentials.

Remember, this is just the beginning. There are many more advanced techniques and security considerations when it comes to building a secure login system. But with this foundation, you’re well on your way to creating robust and user-friendly authentication for your web applications.

Feel free to explore further and experiment with different features to enhance your login page. Have fun coding!