How To Change Jan.2016 To Date 01-2016 R

How To Articles

Have you ever found yourself in a situation where you need to change the format of a date in R? Maybe you received a dataset with dates in a format that doesn’t quite fit your needs. Well, I’ve been there too, and I can tell you, it can be quite frustrating. But fear not, because I’m here to guide you through the process of changing a date like “jan.2016” to the format “01-2016” in R using the as.Date function.

Understanding the Date Format

First things first, let’s understand the initial date format “jan.2016.” In this format, “jan.” stands for January and “2016” represents the year. We need to convert this to a standard date format of “01-2016.”

Using the as.Date Function

Thankfully, R provides us with the as.Date function, which allows us to convert character representations of dates to class “Date.” We can use this function along with some additional steps to achieve our desired date format.

First, we need to remove the “jan.” part from the original date. We can achieve this by using the sub function, which is used for substituting patterns in a character vector. We can then add “01-” to the start of the modified string to represent the month and year format “01-2016.”

Implementation in R

Let me walk you through the code to accomplish this in R:

# Original date
original_date <- "jan.2016" # Remove "jan." and add "01-" to the start modified_date <- sub("jan.", "01-", original_date) # Convert to Date class final_date <- as.Date(paste(modified_date, "01", sep=""), format="%d-%m-%Y")


And there you have it! By using the as.Date function in R along with a few additional steps, we successfully transformed the date from "jan.2016" to "01-2016." Remember, working with dates and data manipulation in R can be challenging at times, but with the right tools and techniques, you can overcome any formatting obstacle.