How To Capitalize In Excel

Capitalizing text in Excel is a simple yet crucial skill for anyone working with data or creating reports. I remember when I first started using Excel, I often found myself manually changing the case of text. Luckily, I soon discovered the handy functions and tools that Excel offers to make this process much more efficient.

Using the UPPER Function

One of the easiest ways to capitalize text in Excel is by using the UPPER function. This function converts all letters in a specified text to uppercase. Here’s how to use it:

  1. First, select the cell where you want the capitalized text to appear.
  2. Next, enter the formula =UPPER(A1) in the formula bar, assuming the original text is in cell A1.
  3. Press Enter, and the text in the selected cell will now be in all uppercase letters.

Using the LOWER and PROPER Functions

Excel also provides the LOWER and PROPER functions, which, respectively, convert text to all lowercase and capitalize the first letter of each word. These functions come in handy for different capitalization needs.

Applying Text Case from the Ribbon

For a more user-friendly approach, Excel offers the “Change Case” feature in the ribbon. This feature allows you to quickly change the case of selected text to uppercase, lowercase, or proper case without the need for writing formulas.

Using a Combination of Functions

Sometimes, you may need to capitalize specific parts of a text string while leaving the rest unchanged. In such cases, combining functions can be useful. For example, using the combination =UPPER(LEFT(A1,1))&LOWER(MID(A1,2,LEN(A1)-1)) will capitalize the first letter of a text string while keeping the rest in lowercase.


Mastering the art of capitalizing text in Excel can significantly improve the presentation and readability of your data. Whether it’s using simple functions like UPPER, LOWER, and PROPER, or taking advantage of the “Change Case” feature, Excel provides a range of tools to meet your capitalization needs.