How To Apply Css From Parent To Child

CSS Programming

Applying CSS from a parent element to its child elements can be a powerful tool for maintaining consistency and reducing redundancy in your code. As a web developer, I’ve found this technique to be incredibly useful in my projects, and I’m excited to share with you how to effectively apply CSS from parent to child.

Understanding Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

Before diving into applying CSS from a parent to a child, it’s important to have a good understanding of how CSS works. CSS, which stands for Cascading Style Sheets, is used to control the presentation and layout of web pages. It operates on the principle of cascading, meaning that styles can be inherited from parent elements to their children unless specified otherwise.

Using Class and ID Selectors

One common way to apply CSS from a parent to a child is by using class and ID selectors. By assigning a class or an ID to a parent element, you can then target and style its child elements using that class or ID.

Example of Applying CSS from Parent to Child:

<div class="parent">
<p>This is a child element</p>

In this example, the parent <div class="parent"> contains a child <p> element. To apply CSS from the parent to the child, we can use the following CSS:

.parent p {
/* CSS styles for the child element */

Using Descendant Selectors

Another approach to apply CSS from a parent to a child is by using descendant selectors. Descendant selectors target an element that is a descendant of another specific element.

Example of Applying CSS from Parent to Child using Descendant Selector:

.parent p {
/* CSS styles for the child <p> element */

Utilizing Inheritance

CSS also has a concept of inheritance, where certain styles are automatically inherited by child elements from their parent elements. Properties such as color and font-size are commonly inherited.


I hope this article has provided you with a clear understanding of how to apply CSS from a parent to a child. By utilizing class and ID selectors, descendant selectors, and understanding inheritance, you can effectively control the styles of child elements while maintaining a streamlined and efficient codebase.