How Css Can Be Helpful In Meeting Section 508 Requirements

CSS Programming

CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is an essential tool for web developers to create visually appealing and user-friendly websites. However, CSS also has a significant impact on accessibility and can play a crucial role in meeting Section 508 requirements.

Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act requires federal agencies to make their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities. This includes websites and other digital content. By using CSS effectively, web developers can ensure that their websites comply with Section 508 and provide a seamless user experience for all users.

Improving Semantic Structure

One of the fundamental principles of accessible web design is using proper semantic structure. This means using HTML elements correctly to convey the meaning and hierarchy of the content. CSS can be used to enhance the visual presentation of these elements, making it easier for users with disabilities to navigate the website.

For example, headings play a crucial role in organizing content and providing an overview of the page. By using CSS to style headings with appropriate font size, color, and spacing, web developers can make them more distinguishable and easier to understand for users who rely on screen readers.

Similarly, CSS can be used to style lists, tables, forms, and other elements to improve their readability and accessibility. By carefully choosing colors, fonts, and spacing, web developers can ensure that these elements are clearly visible and easy to interact with for users with disabilities.

Controlling Typography and Contrast

Typography and contrast are essential aspects of web design that can significantly impact accessibility. By using CSS, web developers can have precise control over the typography and contrast of their websites, making them more accessible to users with visual impairments.

For users with low vision or color blindness, it is crucial to have sufficient contrast between text and background colors. CSS provides the ability to adjust the contrast ratio by specifying the color of text and background. This makes the content more readable and ensures that important information is not overlooked.

In addition, CSS allows web developers to adjust the font size, line height, and letter spacing of text elements. This is particularly beneficial for users with visual impairments who may need larger text sizes or more spacing between letters to read the content comfortably.

Enhancing Keyboard Navigation

Keyboard navigation is a vital feature for users who cannot use a mouse or have mobility impairments. By using CSS, web developers can enhance the keyboard navigation experience, improving accessibility for these users.

Using CSS, developers can apply focus styles to indicate which element currently has keyboard focus. This is especially important for users who rely on keyboard navigation, as it helps them understand where they are on the page and navigate through interactive elements.


CSS is not just about making websites visually appealing; it plays a crucial role in meeting Section 508 requirements and ensuring accessibility for all users. By using CSS effectively, web developers can improve the semantic structure, control typography and contrast, and enhance keyboard navigation, making their websites more accessible to people with disabilities.

As a web developer, I find it rewarding to create websites that are both aesthetically pleasing and accessible. Knowing that my CSS code helps meet Section 508 requirements and provides a positive user experience for all users gives me a sense of fulfillment in my work.