Do Python Lists Start At 0 Or 1

Python Programming

When it comes to programming in Python, one question that often arises is whether Python lists start at 0 or 1. As an avid Python developer, I’ve encountered this question numerous times, and today I want to delve deep into the topic and provide you with a comprehensive answer.

The Origin of the Controversy

The debate about whether Python lists start at 0 or 1 stems from a fundamental difference in indexing conventions between programming languages. In many programming languages, including C and Java, arrays and lists are typically zero-indexed, meaning the first element is accessed using the index 0. On the other hand, in some languages like MATLAB and R, arrays are one-indexed, where the first element is accessed using the index 1.

Python, being a language that emphasizes readability and simplicity, chose to adopt the zero-indexing convention. This means that in Python, the first element of a list is accessed using the index 0.

The Benefits of Zero-Indexing

You might be wondering why Python (and many other programming languages) chose to use zero-indexing. While it may initially seem counterintuitive, zero-indexing provides several benefits:

  1. Consistency: Zero-indexing is widely used in programming languages, so adopting this convention in Python allows for consistency and makes it easier to switch between different languages.
  2. Mathematical Alignment: Zero-indexing aligns well with mathematical concepts and techniques, such as range and modulus operations, which are commonly used in programming.
  3. Efficiency: By starting at index 0, Python can directly access the memory address of the first element in a list, resulting in more efficient and faster code execution.

Understanding Indexing in Python Lists

Now that we know Python lists start at 0, let’s dive deeper into how indexing works in Python.

When accessing elements in a Python list, we use square brackets [] and the index of the desired element. The index represents the position of the element within the list. For example, to access the first element of a list, we use index 0:

my_list = [10, 20, 30]
first_element = my_list[0]

In the code snippet above, my_list[0] will give us the value 10, as 10 is the first element in the list.

To access subsequent elements, we can use higher index values. For example, my_list[1] will give us the value 20, as 20 is the second element in the list.

Personal Commentary

As a Python developer, I have come to appreciate the zero-indexing convention. While it may take some time to get used to, I find that it ultimately leads to cleaner code and fewer off-by-one errors. Additionally, since most programming languages use zero-indexing, adopting this convention in Python allows for seamless collaboration and code-sharing with developers using different languages.


In conclusion, Python lists start at 0, following the widely adopted zero-indexing convention in programming languages. This indexing convention offers consistency, mathematical alignment, and efficiency benefits. By understanding and embracing this convention, we can write cleaner and more efficient Python code. So, next time you’re working with a Python list, remember to start counting from 0!