Could Not Obtain Exclusive Lock On Database ‘model’

SQL Programming

Have you encountered the frustrating error message “Could not obtain exclusive lock on database ‘model'” while working with your SQL Server database? If so, you’re not alone. This issue can be a real headache, but fear not! I’ve delved into this issue and discovered some insights that can help you understand and resolve it.

Understanding the Error

When this error occurs, it typically indicates that the SQL Server instance is unable to obtain an exclusive lock on the ‘model’ database. The ‘model’ database is used as the template for all databases created on the instance of SQL Server. Therefore, any issues with accessing or locking this database can have a significant impact on the server’s functionality.

Possible Causes

There are several potential reasons behind this error message. It could be due to another process or user that currently has an exclusive lock on the ‘model’ database. Additionally, file system or disk I/O issues can also lead to this problem. Furthermore, if there are corruption issues within the ‘model’ database files, it can result in the inability to obtain an exclusive lock.

Resolving the Issue

To tackle this issue, you can start by checking for any current processes or users that might be holding exclusive locks on the ‘model’ database. Using SQL Server Management Studio or querying system views can provide insight into active processes and locks. If any specific process or user is identified as the cause, appropriate action can be taken to release the lock.

If file system or disk I/O issues are suspected, it’s essential to investigate the underlying hardware and storage systems for any potential problems. Addressing these issues can help alleviate the challenge of obtaining exclusive locks on the ‘model’ database.

In cases where database file corruption is the root cause, restoring the ‘model’ database from a known good backup can be a viable solution. Additionally, running database consistency checks and repairing any identified issues can assist in resolving the problem.


In conclusion, encountering the error “Could not obtain exclusive lock on database ‘model'” in SQL Server can be a complex and frustrating experience. However, with a methodical approach and understanding of the potential causes, you can navigate through this issue and restore the functionality of your SQL Server instance. By investigating active processes, addressing hardware and storage issues, and dealing with potential database corruption, you can work towards resolving this error and ensuring the smooth operation of your SQL Server environment.