Blazor Server Login Page

Web Development Software

Blazor Server is a powerful framework that allows developers to build interactive web applications using C# and .NET. One of the key features of any web application is a login page, which provides authentication and access control to users. In this article, I will guide you through the process of creating a login page using Blazor Server, and share some personal insights and commentary along the way.

Getting Started with Blazor Server

Before we dive into creating a login page, let’s first set up a basic Blazor Server project. I assume you already have the necessary environment set up with .NET Core SDK and Visual Studio or Visual Studio Code installed.

dotnet new blazorserver -o MyBlazorApp

This command will create a new Blazor Server project called “MyBlazorApp”. Navigate to the project folder and open it in your preferred editor.

Creating the Login Page

Now that we have our project set up, let’s start by creating the login page. In Blazor Server, pages are represented by Razor components, which are similar to traditional ASP.NET Web Forms or MVC views.

Create a new Razor component called “Login.razor” inside the “Pages” folder:

Pages/Login.razor

In the Login component, we will have a form with two input fields for the username and password, along with a submit button:




Implementing the Login Logic

Now that we have our UI set up, let’s add the logic to handle the login process. In a real-world scenario, you would typically interact with a backend API or a database to validate the user’s credentials. For the sake of simplicity, we will use a hardcoded username and password for now.

In the Login component’s code-behind, add the following:


@code {
private string username;
private string password;

private void HandleLogin()
{
if (username == "admin" && password == "password")
{
// TODO: Redirect to the home page
}
else
{
// TODO: Display an error message
}
}
}

In the above code, we capture the values entered by the user in the username and password input fields. When the form is submitted, the HandleLogin method is called. We check if the username and password match the hardcoded values (“admin” and “password” in this case). If they match, we can redirect the user to the home page. Otherwise, we can display an error message to the user.

Adding Authentication and Authorization

While the above implementation provides a basic login functionality, it doesn’t provide any authentication or authorization. In a real-world scenario, you would need to integrate a proper authentication system, such as Identity or OAuth, to secure your application.

Blazor Server provides built-in support for authentication and authorization through the use of the [Authorize] attribute and the AuthenticationStateProvider service. By decorating components or routes with the [Authorize] attribute, you can ensure that only authenticated users can access certain parts of your application.

Conclusion

Creating a login page in Blazor Server is a straightforward process that allows you to leverage the power of the .NET ecosystem to build secure web applications. We’ve covered the basics of creating a login page and handling the login logic, but remember that implementing proper authentication and authorization is crucial for real-world scenarios. I hope this article has provided you with valuable insights and inspired you to explore more about Blazor Server and its capabilities.

For more information, please visit the official Blazor documentation.